Desi skin tones are more prone to discolouration, but there is definitely a way to treat it.
Skin discolouration or pigmentation occurs when the skin’s cells overproduce melanin. This could be triggered by hormonal fluctuations, sun exposure and of course heat. Since darker skin has more melanin, it is more commonly seen in us, desi people or darker skin tones. But don’t worry, we are here to share a few ways you can even out discolouration.
1. Root out the cause
Like we mentioned earlier, there can be various causes of discolouration and each require a different treatment. For example, spots left after the acne has cleared are different than pigmentation caused by melasma. Therefore, you should see a dermatologist to figure what is the root cause of your skin’s discolouration.
2. Be gentle
We all have an urge to pop that pimple but this causes trauma to the skin, which leaves behind a dark spot(s). Use a salicylic acid based cleanser and spot treatments to clear out acne and apply pimple patches on affected area(s) to protect it from bacteria.
3. Use sunscreen
Sun exposure is the biggest culprit in exacerbating pigmentation, and so, you must never skip on a good sunscreen and reapply it every 2-4 hours.
4. Exfoliate regularly
Regular exfoliation speeds up the skin’s cell turnover process, which means that your skin will regenerate faster. You should also consider using retinol, as it also allows newer, healthier skin cells to replace dead and dull skin cells.
5. Use brightening active ingredients
Ingredients like vitamin c, niacinamide, tranexamic acid, kojic acid, alpha arbutin and hydroquinone are very effective in treating pigmentation. Don’t use all of them at the same time though. Either use a product that has a combination of above mentioned brightening agents or use something like hydroquinone on its own as its the most potent one.